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This role is determined primarily by the fact that it acts as the theoretical basis of the world view, as well as by the fact that it solves the problem of the cogniscibility of the world, and finally, questions of the orientation of man in the world of culture, in the world of spiritual values.
These are the most important tasks of philosophy, and, at the same time, it’s functions – philosophical, theoretical-cognitive and value-orientated. Among these functions lies the solution of philosophical questions of practical relation to the world, and accordingly the function is praxeological.
This is, so to speak, the core, the basis of the functional purpose of philosophy. However, the basic functions themselves are specified. In particular, the cognitive is refracted in the function of working out categories that reflect the most general relations and relations of things and constitute the conceptual basis of every mastery of the objective world, of all thought.
Through the system of categories and the content of philosophy as a whole, such a function is realized as a methodological one. With the named, the function of rational processing and systematization, the theoretical expression of the results of human experience, is closely related.
Next is the critical function of philosophy, fulfilling the tasks of overcoming obsolete dogmas and views. This role of philosophy is particularly clearly expressed in the writings of Bacon, Descartes, Hegel, and Marx. Philosophy also fulfills the prognostic function realized in building the models of the future.
Finally, an important place in the arsenal of the functions of philosophy is integrative, consisting in the generalization and systematization of all forms of human experience and knowledge – practical, cognitive, value. Only because of such integration can successfully solve the problems of harmonization of public life.
Considering the role of philosophy in society, one should see that this role itself is historically changing, and its “eternal problems” acquire a different sound with the course of time. For example, the relationship between man and nature has always existed, but it had one meaning in the homemade period, the other in the era of machine production, and in the era of scientific and technological revolution, this attitude has acquired the character of a global environmental problem. This is the first important point, characteristic for understanding the role of philosophical thought in dialectical-materialistic philosophy. This moment is historicism, which manifests itself in the approach to virtually all problems of philosophy.
The second point is that philosophical problems are considered in dialectical-materialist philosophy primarily as problems of social being that are resolved in human practice.
The dialectical-materialist conception of history as the most important acquisition of philosophy dramatically changed the approach to philosophical problems, revealed their entanglement in the fabric of social life, and also that the search for ways and means of their solution should not be conducted in the bosom of pure speculation, but in real life.
In short, philosophy should be viewed as a socio-historical knowledge closely associated with life, constantly developing with it.