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Are there any medical conditions that cause hematospermia?

Are there any medical conditions that cause hematospermia?

In many situations, no definitive cause is found. The following conditions have been reported in association with hematospermia: Benign or malignant tumors of the prostate, bladder, testes, or seminal vesicles. Infections including, but not limited to, chlamydia, herpes, cytomegalovirus, and trichomoniasis.

What causes hematospermia after a prostate biopsy?

Most cases of hematospermia are probably caused, unintentionally, by medical procedures. Transrectal ultrasound prostate biopsy (TRUS-PB), which removes bits of prostate tissue to check for cancer, provokes it. The reported incidence of hematospermia following a biopsy varies between 5.1% and 89%.

Which is more common hematospermia or prostate cancer?

Benign polyps and malignant tumors of the prostate, testicles, epididymis, and seminal vesicles may cause hematospermia. Men whose sole symptom is hematospermia are more likely to have prostate cancer than men who don’t have blood in their semen, but the chances are slim.

Is there a cure for hematospermia in men?

Sometimes, treatment with antibiotics for a presumptive diagnosis of prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland) is given, since some studies have shown that up to about one-fourth of men with hematospermia have prostatitis. However, the benefit of such treatment has not been definitively established.

What do you need to know about hematospermia?

Excessive sex or masturbation; interrupted sex; prolonged sexual abstinence note: Isolated hematospermia is hematospermia with no associated symptoms or obvious etiology. STI = sexually transmitted infection. *— Blood in fewer than 10 consecutive ejaculations or for less than 12 weeks.

When to consider neoplasia or hematospermia in men?

In men 40 years and older, neoplasia or structural abnormalities should be more strongly considered. Hematospermia that is limited to a few episodes usually has an identifiable etiology (e.g., infection, intense sexual experiences) and is less concerning than persistent or recurring hematospermia, which can indicate a pathologic condition.

Is there an algorithm for the evaluation of hematospermia?

Figure 1 presents an algorithm for the evaluation of hematospermia. 7, 8 Figure 1. Algorithm for the evaluation of hematospermia. Information from references 7 and 8.

Benign polyps and malignant tumors of the prostate, testicles, epididymis, and seminal vesicles may cause hematospermia. Men whose sole symptom is hematospermia are more likely to have prostate cancer than men who don’t have blood in their semen, but the chances are slim.