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Can you have undetectable HIV without medication?

Can you have undetectable HIV without medication?

Dubbed long-term nonprogressors, they are able to maintain low viral loads – measured by the amount of HIV in a blood sample – and near normal T cell counts without medication. An even smaller subset of this group, called elite controllers, has undetectable viral loads and normal T cell counts without treatment.

How do you treat undetectable HIV?

What is an undetectable viral load?

  1. Taking antiretroviral treatment (ART) reduces the amount of HIV in your body.
  2. With proper adherence, ART can reduce HIV to such low levels that the virus can no longer be detected in normal blood tests.
  3. People with undetectable viral loads can’t pass HIV on through sex.

What happens if a person with HIV does not take medication?

If you skip your medications, even now and then, you are giving HIV the chance to multiply rapidly. This could weaken your immune system, and you could become sick. Getting and keeping an undetectable viral load (or staying virally suppressed) is the best way to stay healthy and protect others.

What kind of medication can you take to prevent HIV?

Our current HIV medication regimens (antiretroviral therapy, or ART) are extremely effective at preventing HIV transmission to a sex partner if the HIV viral load is undetectable. The following three research studies have focused on this question.

What does it mean to have an undetectable HIV load?

For those who are still unsure, an HIV-positive person can achieve undetectable levels after undergoing antiretroviral therapy (ART). A level of a person’s HIV viral load is what causes them to be more or less likely to transmit the disease. An undetectable viral load reduces the likelihood of transmission by 96 percent.

Is there a risk of passing on HIV if you are undetectable?

There is no risk of passing on HIV if your doctor has confirmed that you are undetectable, you continue taking your treatment and attend regular viral load monitoring appointments. Undetectable = Untransmittable. Being undetectable isn’t a constant state and if you stop taking your medication then your viral load will go back up again.

What does HIV Medicine DO to your body?

HIV medicines prevent HIV from multiplying, which reduces the amount of HIV in the body (called the viral load ). An undetectable viral load is when the level of HIV in the blood is too low to be detected by a viral load test.

Our current HIV medication regimens (antiretroviral therapy, or ART) are extremely effective at preventing HIV transmission to a sex partner if the HIV viral load is undetectable. The following three research studies have focused on this question.

What does it mean to be undetectable for HIV?

We commonly say someone is “undetectable” if they have a viral load less than 20 copies/mL or 50 copies/mL. Research studies have defined “undetectable” as any viral load less than 200 copies/mL. So even if a person has a viral load less than 50 copies/mL or 20 copies/mL, viral RNA will still be detected with one of these viral detection tests.

Can a person with HIV still be positive for HIV?

HIV ANTIBODIES WHEN YOU’RE UNDETECTABLE. Antibodies are still present in individuals living with HIV—even people who have suppressed their viral load. That means people living with HIV will still test positive for HIV on an antibody HIV test even if their viral load is undetectable. The virus may be undetectable,…

Can a person spread HIV with an undetectable viral load?

Eventually, you want to have an undetectable viral load — one so low that a lab test can’t find it. When you have an undetectable viral load, you can’t spread the virus to your sexual partner (s). Even when you reach that point, you must remember that the virus is still in your body.