How are bone grafts used in spinal fusion surgery?

How are bone grafts used in spinal fusion surgery?

Spinal fusion involves the surgical treatment of abnormalities in the vertebrae, such as curvatures, scoliosis or kyphosis, or injuries (fractures). Bone grafts may be used in spinal fusion surgery involving the lower (lumbar) or upper (cervical) spine. Cervical spinal fusion joins selected bones in the neck.

What happens when you have spinal fusion years later?

The most common thing we see in the clinic in patients who have spinal fusion complications years later is either a return of back pain or new symptoms. These both indicate possible new disease. What are some good examples?

What are the symptoms of a failed lumbar fusion?

What Are the Symptoms of a Failed Lumbar Fusion? 1 A return or worsening of low back pain 2 New symptoms like pain in another place or new numbness and tingling or referred pain down the leg 3 New weakness in the leg 4 New loss of function like an inability to exercise without pain

How long does it take to recover from a bone graft?

The time required for convalescence after bone grafts due to fractures or spinal fusion varies from one to 10 days. Vigorous exercise may be limited for up to three months.

When do you need a bone graft for spinal fusion?

Many spinal conditions cause instability and/or pain (eg, degenerative disc disease, scoliosis, trauma) and require treatment with a spinal fusion. Spine surgeons can use bone graft to stop motion between two or more vertebral bodies, stabilize a corrected spinal deformity, or repair spinal fractures.

When do complications occur after spinal fusion surgery?

While spinal fusion presents many challenges for patients in the short term, the biggest problems usually arise several months to several years after surgery. What causes spinal fusion complications years later? Let’s take a look.

What does it mean to have a lumbar fusion?

Lumbar fusion means that you take a part of the spine that’s painful and bolt it together and add bone so it grows together and doesn’t move (2). Commonly hardware is added to enhance the stability while the disc spaces and other areas grow bone.

Where does local autograft come from in spinal fusion?

Local autograft comes from the vertebra itself and may be from removed bone spurs, lamina, or parts of the spinous process removed during fusion surgeries that remove bone to decompress pinched nerves. Since this bone has to be removed to decompress the nerves, it can be recycled to be used as graft.