How do dermatologists treat actinic keratosis?

How do dermatologists treat actinic keratosis?

Actinic keratoses can be removed by freezing them with liquid nitrogen. Your doctor applies the substance to the affected skin, which causes blistering or peeling. As your skin heals, the damaged cells slough off, allowing new skin to appear. Cryotherapy is the most common treatment.

What conditions mimic actinic keratosis?

The most common mimics of actinic keratosis are seborrheic keratosis, xerosis, seborrheic dermatitis, Bowen disease, superficial basal cell carcinoma, warts, porokeratosis, and squamous cell carcinoma.

How to check your skin for actinic keratosis?

Check your skin regularly and report changes to your doctor. Examine your skin regularly, looking for the development of new skin growths or changes in existing moles, freckles, bumps and birthmarks. With the help of mirrors, check your face, neck, ears and scalp. Examine the tops and undersides of your arms and hands.

What are the risks of photodynamic therapy for actinic keratosis?

What are the risks of photodynamic therapy for actinic keratosis? Common side effects of PDT include redness, pain, burning, and swelling. 6-8 The skin at the treatment site may crust over, change color, itch, become red, and/or become scaly for some time following treatment. 1,2 There are no known long-term side effects of PDT. 2

What causes actinic keratoses to become squamous cell skin cancer?

They are caused by ultraviolet (UV) damage to the skin. Some actinic keratoses can turn into squamous cell skin cancer. Because of this, the lesions are often called precancer. They are not life-threatening.

What happens if actinic keratoses are left untreated?

If left untreated, some of these spots may progress to squamous cell carcinoma — a type of cancer that usually isn’t life-threatening if detected and treated early. Prevention of actinic keratoses is important because the condition can precede cancer or be an early form of skin cancer.

What is the main symptom of actinic keratosis?

The main symptom of actinic keratosis is a dry, scaly skin lesion, often measuring an inch in diameter. The patch may be solitary or found in groups. The appearance of these patches varies; they may be: Skin-colored or reddish in appearance. Wart-like with a bumpy surface. Flat and thickened in the form of a papule.

Is actinic keratosis the same as melanoma?

No. Melanoma is a malignant cancer. Actinic keratosis is a pre-malignant condition. NO. Actinic keratosis (ak) and melanoma are both skin diseases chiefly a result of sun exposure, but they arise from different skin cell types.

Does actinic keratosis come and go?

Actinic Keratosis can come and go. It may appear on the skin, remain for months, then flake off and disappear. They may then reappear after sun exposure. Even if it does not appear you should still see your dermatologist. An Ak forms when the top layer of the skin is badly damaged.

How does cryosurgery treat actinic keratoses?

Actinic Keratosis Treatment – Cryosurgery . Cryosurgery is one of the best surgical treatments for actinic keratosis . This surgical methods involve the use of freezing Nitrogen to destroy and remove keratosis growth on the skin.