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How is testicular cancer usually first discovered?

How is testicular cancer usually first discovered?

An ultrasound is often the first test done if the doctor thinks you might have testicular cancer. It uses sound waves to produce images of the inside of your body. It can be used to see if a change is a certain benign condition (like a hydrocele or varicocele) or a solid tumor that could be a cancer.

How long does it take to diagnose testicular cancer?

Tests for testicular cancer. If you have a non-painful swelling or lump, or a change in the shape or texture of 1 of your testicles, and a GP thinks it may be cancerous, you’ll be referred for further testing within 2 weeks.

How often is testicular cancer misdiagnosed?

Patients will present with concern for a lump in the testicle. The nodule is painless in at least 90% of patients, and misdiagnosis is common: Testicular cancer is misdiagnosed in 25% of patients, and the average time from initial signs and symptoms to definitive treatment is three to six months.

How is testicular cancer diagnosed at the Mayo Clinic?

Your removed testicle will be analyzed to determine if the lump is cancerous and, if so, what type of cancer. A Mayo Clinic oncologist discusses aspects of testicular cancer diagnosis. Your extracted testicle will be analyzed to determine the type of testicular cancer.

How can I find out if I have cancer outside of my testicle?

Staging the cancer. Once your doctor confirms your diagnosis, the next step is to determine the extent (stage) of the cancer. To determine whether cancer has spread outside of your testicle, you may undergo: Computerized tomography (CT) scan. CT scans take a series of X-ray images of your abdomen, chest and pelvis.

What kind of surgery is used to treat testicular cancer?

Operations used to treat testicular cancer include: Surgery to remove your testicle (radical inguinal orchiectomy) is the primary treatment for nearly all stages and types of testicular cancer. To remove your testicle, your surgeon makes an incision in your groin and extracts the entire testicle through the opening.

What are the side effects of radiation therapy for testicular cancer?

Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is a treatment option that’s sometimes used in people who have the seminoma type of testicular cancer. Radiation therapy may be recommended after surgery to remove your testicle. Side effects may include nausea and fatigue, as well as skin redness and irritation in your abdominal and groin areas.

When to see a doctor for testicular cancer?

But if you have any of these signs or symptoms, see your doctor right away. Most often, the first symptom of testicular cancer is a lump on the testicle, or the testicle becomes swollen or larger.

Are there symptoms of testicular cancer in boys?

Androgen-producing tumors may not cause any symptoms in men, but in boys they can cause signs of puberty at an abnormally early age, such as a deepening voice and the growth of facial and body hair. Even if testicular cancer has spread to other parts of the body, many men might not have symptoms right away.

Can a person with testicular cancer be cured?

Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle. Depending on the type and stage of testicular cancer, you may receive one of several treatments, or a combination.

When do you know if you have cancer in your scrotum?

Regular testicular self-checks can usually find a telltale lump within the scrotum, but not always. Symptoms often don’t appear until the cancer is in its later stages.