Users' questions

Is valve regurgitation a cardiomyopathy?

Is valve regurgitation a cardiomyopathy?

If the damage is extensive enough, a heart attack can cause sudden and severe mitral valve regurgitation. Abnormality of the heart muscle (cardiomyopathy). Over time, certain conditions, such as high blood pressure, can cause your heart to work harder, gradually enlarging your heart’s left ventricle.

Why does hypertrophic cardiomyopathy cause mitral regurgitation?

Background: In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a spectrum of mitral leaflet abnormalities has been related to the mechanism of mitral systolic anterior motion (SAM), which causes both subaortic obstruction and mitral regurgitation.

Is Mitral Valve Prolapse a cardiomyopathy?

Secondary Mitral Valve Prolapse may result from damage to valvular structures during acute myocardial infarction, rheumatic heart disease, or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (occurs when the muscle mass of the left ventricle of the heart is larger than normal).

Why does squatting decrease MVP murmur?

Squatting from a Standing Position This maneuver will decrease the murmur of HOCM, as the increased left ventricular volume helps displace the hypertrophied interventricular septum, causing less outflow tract obstruction. This maneuver causes the click of MVP to move later in systole.

How does an echocardiogram diagnose mitral valve regurgitation?

Echocardiogram. This test is commonly used to diagnose mitral valve regurgitation. In this test, sound waves directed at your heart from a wandlike device (transducer) held on your chest produce video images of your heart in motion. This test assesses the structure of your heart, the mitral valve and the blood flow through your heart.

Which is the best treatment for mitral regurgitation?

The only definitive treatment for mitral regurgitation is to have surgery to fix the valve. A valve repair (fixing the valve that is already there) is usually preferable to a valve replacement surgery (where either a biologic or a mechanical valve is inserted in the place of your old mitral valve).

How does a leaking mitral valve cause regurgitation?

Mitral regurgitation is leakage of blood backward through the mitral valve each time the left ventricle contracts. Watch an animation of mitral valve regurgitation. A leaking mitral valve allows blood to flow in two directions during the contraction.

What happens to the mitral valve during contraction?

What is mitral valve regurgitation? Mitral regurgitation is leakage of blood backward through the mitral valve each time the left ventricle contracts. Watch an animation of mitral valve regurgitation. A leaking mitral valve allows blood to flow in two directions during the contraction.

What do you mean by mitral valve regurgitation?

Mitral regurgitation is leakage of blood backward through the mitral valve each time the left ventricle contracts.

What kind of Doctor do you see for mitral valve regurgitation?

Treatment. A doctor trained in heart disease (cardiologist) will provide your care. If you have mitral valve regurgitation, consider being treated at a medical center with a multidisciplinary team of doctors and medical staff trained and experienced in evaluating and treating heart valve disease.

What causes blood to leak out of the left mitral valve?

In mitral valve regurgitation, the valve between the upper left heart chamber (left atrium) and the lower left heart chamber (left ventricle) doesn’t close tightly, causing blood to leak backward into the left atrium (regurgitation).

How does the mitral valve prolapse affect the heart?

In mitral valve prolapse, the leaflets of the mitral valve bulge (prolapse) into the left atrium like a parachute during the heart’s contraction. Sometimes mitral valve prolapse causes blood to leak back into the atrium from the ventricle, which is called mitral valve regurgitation.