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What are the key signs of hydrocephalus in a child?

What are the key signs of hydrocephalus in a child?

Physical signs and symptoms

  • Headache.
  • Blurred or double vision.
  • Eyes fixed downward (sunsetting of eyes)
  • Abnormal enlargement of a toddler’s head.
  • Sleepiness or lethargy.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Unstable balance.
  • Poor coordination.

What is Fontanelle bulging?

A tense or bulging fontanelle occurs when fluid builds up in the brain or the brain swells, causing increased pressure inside the skull. When the infant is crying, lying down, or vomiting, the fontanelles may look like they are bulging.

When should I worry about a bulging fontanelle?

A bulging fontanel is an emergency. It can be a sign of pressure rising inside the skull which may result in damage to the baby’s developing brain. If your child is experiencing this symptom, seek medical attention immediately.

How to know if your child has hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus is a condition in which there is excessive fluid in and around the brain. It occurs from a lack of absorption, blockage of flow, or overproduction of the cerebral spinal fluid High-pitched cry. Poor feeding. Projectile vomiting. Sleepiness or less alert than usual.

Can a swollen temple be a sign of an infection?

It is the kind of condition that can develop in just a day or so with an infection, although it’s unlikely that there will swelling of just the temples with food allergies or fluid retention after eating salty foods. Here are some of the more common underlying health conditions of which swelling of the temple is a symptom.

How are shunts used to treat hydrocephalus in babies?

Surgery usually involves placing a mechanical shunting device into the baby’s head to help drain the extra CSF from the brain and redirect the extra fluid to another part of the body to be absorbed. A common type of shunt is the ventriculoperitoneal shunt. This directs the fluid into the abdominal cavity.

What happens to your brain when you have hydrocephalus?

When hydrocephalus occurs in adults, CSF levels rise but the amount of pressure is usually normal. It still causes the brain to swell and can lead to impaired functioning. In adults, this condition usually results from conditions that prevent CSF from flowing.

What should you do if your child has hydrocephalus?

Treatment should begin as soon as possible to prevent brain injury. Shunt placement helps drain extra CSF fluid through a tube from your child’s brain into his abdomen where it is absorbed. Ventriculostomy helps drain the extra CSF fluid through a small hole in your child’s brain.

How does CSF affect a child with hydrocephalus?

CSF surrounds your child’s brain and spinal cord. CSF is constantly being made and absorbed by your child’s body. It moves through ventricles before it drains out and gets absorbed into the bloodstream. When CSF cannot drain properly, the fluid pressure may cause the ventricles to swell.

How is a spinal tap used to check for hydrocephalus?

A lumbar puncture , or spinal tap, is a procedure to collect a sample of CSF fluid to check for infection or test CSF pressure. How is hydrocephalus treated? Treatment should begin as soon as possible to prevent brain injury. Shunt placement helps drain extra CSF fluid through a tube from your child’s brain into his abdomen where it is absorbed.

Can a shunt be removed if you have hydrocephalus?

The shunt typically isn’t ever removed, and regular checkups are important to make sure it’s working. In some cases, hydrocephalus can be treated without using a shunt. One type of surgery opens a pathway in your brain so the fluid can flow freely, while the other closes off the part of your brain that makes cerebrospinal fluid.