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What causes abnormal smear test results?

What causes abnormal smear test results?

Most often, the abnormal test result means there have been cell changes caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). That’s the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI), and can be linked to cervical cancer. Changes to your cervical cells caused by HPV can be mild, moderate, or severe.

What percentage of abnormal smears are cancer?

Whilst about 1 in 20 women will have a smear test result which is abnormal, only about 1 in 2000 will have cervical cancer. That means approximately 1% of women with any grade of abnormal smear will have a cancer.

What happens when you get an abnormal smear test result?

Routine cervical screening is the most effective way to prevent cervical cancer. But what happens when you get an ‘abnormal’ result? We chat to 29-year-old Isha who found out she had abnormal cells after her second screening. She highlights the importance of attending your appointments and how she kept positive throughout the experience.

What does it mean when your pap smear results are abnormal?

Abnormal test results don’t necessarily mean that you have cancer. However, they’re still a sign that your Pap smear results are unusual. The causes of abnormal test results can vary widely. Sometimes, the test indicates that you have abnormal cells of undetermined significance.

What kind of cells are found in abnormal smear?

Abnormal smear result grades Squamous cells are the cells which cover the surface of the cervix. The cervical canal, or endocervix, is lined with glandular or columnar cells and produces mucus. The area in which these types of cells meet is called the transformation zone and is where abnormal cells may form.

Is it normal to have abnormal cervical smear?

It is also natural to be concerned as to the severity of the cervical changes and what implications this may have on your health. However, an abnormal result does not mean you have cancer. It simply means that there are changes to the cells which could potentially cause cancer in the future. This is why cervical screenings help to save lives!

What does an abnormal smear test result mean?

An abnormal Pap smear test does not mean you have cancer, but it could mean that you have precancerous cells or HPV .

Does abnormal Pap smear always indicate cancer?

An abnormal Pap smear means some percentage of your cervix cells appear abnormal in shape or size. In most cases, an abnormal Pap smear does not indicate cancer and is in fact caused by HPV. If you have an abnormal Pap result, your doctor may order further testing like a biopsy.

What to expect after an abnormal Pap smear?

During a Pap test you may feel a little pressure in your pelvic area and possibly mild cramping that lasts for just a few minutes. After a Pap test, you may experience a small amount of bleeding. A Pap test is a laboratory exam that screens for cervical cancer.

Can LSIL go away?

Mild dysplasia (LSIL or CIN I ) may go away without treatment. You may only need careful follow-up by your provider with repeat Pap smears every 6 to 12 months. If the changes do not go away or get worse, treatment is needed.