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What do you expect the doctor will order to confirm a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma?

What do you expect the doctor will order to confirm a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma?

If the lab test results suggest the presence of a pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma, your doctor will likely order one or more imaging tests to locate a possible tumor. These tests may include: CT scan, a specialized X-ray technology. MRI , which uses radio waves and a magnetic field to produce detailed images.

Is pheochromocytoma a medical emergency?

Patients with undiagnosed pheochromocytoma may present in extremis to an emergency department with pheochromocytoma crisis and coexisting metabolic, thromboembolic, or surgically emergent events. Rapid diagnosis may be difficult, but can significantly alter the outcome in these critically ill patients.

How to tell if a patient has pheochromocytoma?

4. A patient is admitted with uncontrolled hypertension and the doctor suspects pheochromoctyoma. On assessment, you note the blood pressure to be 196/120 and HR 130. The patient reports feeling very anxious, sweaty, and having palpations. What do you expect the doctor will order to confirm a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma? * 5.

How often do people with high blood pressure get pheochromocytoma?

Pheochromocytomas arise in approximately 1–2 individuals per 100,000 adults per year. About 1 in 500 people with high blood pressure are eventually found to have pheochromocytomas. The most common age for people to develop pheochromocytomas is during the 40s and 50s. Men and women are affected equally.

Can a benign pheochromocytoma be a malignant tumor?

Uncommonly – fortunately, the majority of pheochromocytomas are benign. The likelihood of malignant pheochromocytoma appears to depend heavily on the underlying mutation. For most sporadic pheochromocytomas, less than 10% turn out to be malignant.

Where are pheochromocytomas located in the adrenal gland?

Pheochromocytomas, sometimes simply referred to as “pheos”, are rare tumors that develop in the inner region (medulla) of the adrenal gland. The adrenal medulla plays an instrumental role in synthesizing and secreting catecholamines – hormones such as epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline).

What kind of Doctor do you see for a pheochromocytoma?

A pheochromocytoma will usually be treated by an internist (general medical doctor) an anesthesiologist (doctor who administers anesthesia for surgery) and a specialized surgeon (doctor who removes the tumor from the body).

How are biochemical tests used to diagnose pheochromocytoma?

The doctor may collect blood and urine samples to check for abnormal levels of catecholamines and other substances. If these biochemical tests indicate a pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma, imaging tests (described below) are used to confirm the diagnosis and determine the location and size of the tumor.

How old do you have to be to get a pheochromocytoma?

Most people with a pheochromocytoma are between the ages of 20 and 50, but the tumor can develop at any age. Surgical treatment to remove a pheochromocytoma usually returns blood pressure to normal.

Can a high blood pressure be a sign of pheochromocytoma?

The signs and symptoms of pheochromocytoma can be caused by a number of conditions. So it’s important to get a prompt diagnosis. Although high blood pressure is a primary sign of a pheochromocytoma, most people with high blood pressure don’t have an adrenal tumor.