What do you need to know about a nephrectomy?

What do you need to know about a nephrectomy?

A nephrectomy is the surgical removal of a kidney, performed to treat a number of kidney diseases including kidney cancer. It is also done to remove a normal healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor, which is part of a kidney transplant procedure.

What’s the difference between nephrectomy and kidney sparing surgery?

Partial nephrectomy. Partial nephrectomy. During a partial nephrectomy, only the cancerous tumor or diseased tissue is removed (center), leaving in place as much healthy kidney tissue as possible. Partial nephrectomy is also called kidney-sparing surgery. Nephrectomy (nuh-FREK-tuh-me) is a surgical procedure to remove all or part of a kidney:

What’s the difference between a radical and a nephrectomy?

Partial nephrectomy. Radical (complete) nephrectomy. During a radical nephrectomy, the urologic surgeon removes the entire kidney and often some additional structures, such as part of the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder (ureter), or other adjacent structures such as the adrenal gland or lymph nodes. Partial nephrectomy.

Where are the blood vessels cut in a nephrectomy?

The blood vessels connecting the kidney to the donor are cut and clamped, and the ureter is also cut between the bladder and kidney and clamped. Depending on the type of nephrectomy procedure being performed, the ureter, adrenal gland, and/or surrounding tissue may also be cut.

Can a partial nephrectomy be done through an open incision?

Partial nephrectomy can be performed through an open incision or using robotic technology. There are advantages and disadvantages to each approach. The key points are removing the entire tumor and sparing the kidney safely and a shorter hospital stay. (important for patients with kidney disease) and may be ideal for patients with complex tumors.

When to have a laparoscopic and robotic nephrectomy?

For patients diagnosed with a small (i.e., < 4 cm) kidney tumor ( Figure 1 ), laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy provides patients with a safe and minimally invasive technique for removal of the tumor, while preserving the remainder of the healthy kidney. Figure 1.

What happens to the kidney after a nephrectomy?

In a partial nephrectomy, the removal of just part of a kidney, the surgeon has to do something to keep the remaining part of the kidney from leaking urine back into the bloodstream.

How often is a nephrectomy performed in the United States?

Thousands of nephrectomies are performed every year in the U.S. There are two types of nephrectomy for a diseased kidney: partial and radical. In partial nephrectomy, only the diseased or injured portion of the kidney is removed.