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What does it mean to have multiple nodules on your thyroid?

What does it mean to have multiple nodules on your thyroid?

A thyroid gland that contains multiple nodules is referred to as a multinodular goiter. If the nodule is filled with fluid or blood, it is called a thyroid cyst. If the nodule produces thyroid hormone in an uncontrolled manner (without regarding the body’s needs), the nodule is referred to as autonomous.

What percentage of TR4 thyroid nodules are cancerous?

The percentages of thyroid nodules categorized as ACR-TIRADS TR2, TR3, TR4, and TR5 were 5.7%, 2.9%, 70.0%, and 21.4%, respectively. With respect to Kwak-TIRADS categories, the malignancy rates for nodules of Kwak-TIRADS categories 4a, 4b, and 4c were 6.3%, 29.2%, and 25.0%, respectively (Table ​ 1).

What does the term multinodular goiter mean?

Multinodular Goiter. A goiter simply means an enlarged thyroid. A goiter can either be a simple goiter where the whole thyroid is bigger than normal or a multinodular goiter where there are multiple nodules.

Is there a link between thyroid cancer and multinodular goiter?

Multinodular goiters are associated with a higher risk of thyroid cancer. However, researchers don’t yet understand the connection between the two. If you do have a multinodular goiter, your doctor will most likely screen you for thyroid cancer as well. Treatment for multinodular goiter varies depending on:

When to seek treatment for multinodular goiter?

Treatment of multinodular goiter may be pursued if the thyroid is hyperfunctioning, or if the goiter is causing local mass effect. There is no standard treatment and choice of treatment depends on local practice patterns, the activity of the goiter, and the results of FNA of any suspicious nodules.

When to use pertechnetate for multinodular goiter?

Tc-99m pertechnetate or radioiodine (I-123) demonstrate an enlarged gland, with heterogeneous uptake an enlarged and heterogeneous thyroid gland suggests the diagnosis, which is confirmed by ultrasound or scintigraphy Treatment of multinodular goiter may be pursued if the thyroid is hyperfunctioning, or if the goiter is causing local mass effect.