What is the most common cause of thoracic aortic aneurysm?

What is the most common cause of thoracic aortic aneurysm?

The most common cause of a thoracic aortic aneurysm is hardening of the arteries. This condition is more common in people with high cholesterol, long-term high blood pressure, or who smoke. Other risk factors for a thoracic aneurysm include: Changes caused by age.

How do you know if you have a thoracic aortic aneurysm?

You might not know you have a thoracic aortic aneurysm because symptoms often don’t show up until the aneurysm becomes large, or bursts. But as it grows, you may notice some signs, including: Your doctor often can diagnose a thoracic aortic aneurysm with tests such as an X-ray, an echocardiogram, CT scan, or ultrasound.

Can a small thoracic aortic aneurysm be repaired?

Not all thoracic aneurysms can be repaired by means of EVAR. A small aneurysm or one that doesn’t cause symptoms may not require surgical treatment until it reaches a certain size or is rapidly increasing in size over a short period of time.

How often do you need a CT scan for an aortic aneurysm?

Most patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms do not have any symptoms; they are usually diagnosed on imaging studies performed for another reason. Uncommonly, large thoracic aortic aneurysms may cause back or chest discomfort. Diagnosing requires a CT scan and regular CT scans every 6 months or one year to monitor for growth.

Can a doctor detect an abdominal aortic aneurysm?

Small clots can form in the area of the aneurysm, break off, and flow to the legs, kidneys, or other organs. As with a thoracic aortic aneurysm, your doctor can sometimes detect an abdominal aortic aneurysm during a routine exam.

When to repair thoracic aneurysm?

Repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms is usually recommended when they reach 5.5 to 6.0 cm in diameter. In general, the risks of surgery to repair smaller aneurysms outweigh the possible benefits, because smaller aneurysms rarely rupture.

What is the prognosis of an aortic aneurysm?

The prognosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm depends on the size and location of the aneurysm, in addition to various other patient-related factors. The risk of rupture, which in many cases leads to fatality, is mainly determined by aneurysm diameter.

Which is the most serious complication of an aortic aneurysm?

The most serious and life threatening complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is rupture of the aneurysm which results in profuse internal bleeding. Rupture of an AAA is a serious medical emergency and is associated with a high mortality rate.

When is surgery for aortic aneurysm?

Routine abdominal aortic aneurysm repair when we do an open, traditional surgical procedure usually requires the patient to come into the operating room on the day of surgery and they are in the hospital usually between five and seven days.