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What kind of bulging disc is L4-L5 and S1?

What kind of bulging disc is L4-L5 and S1?

“Dr. Andalon… my name is Casey, I’m 41 and I was recently diagnosed by my primary doctor with having L4-L5 and L5-S1 bulging discs following an MRI scan. I’ve now suffered with chronic back pain, stiffness and at times severely painful sciatica symptom for up to 9 months now. At first the bulging disc symptoms were very mild.

Where is L5-S1 located in the spine?

Qi Spine Clinic, 3 months ago L5-S1 is the lowest level of the disc in the spine and sits at the junction between the lowest lumbar vertebrae and sacrum. This tends to suffer more stress and hence L5-S1 disc bulge is quite common. L5-S1 refers to the disc situated between lumbar bone number 5 and the sacrum.

What causes L4-5 and L5-S1 compression?

Left postero-lateral herniation of L4-5 iv disc is causing compression over emerging nerve root on iet side, and narrowing of the iv foramen on right side. Postero-central protrusion of L5-S1 iv disc is causing narrowing of the adjacent spinal canal.

Is there a left foraminal disc portrusion at L5?

Mild left foraminal disc portrusion at L3-L4 and L4-L5 level, indenting the ventral thecal sac and compressing left exiting L3 nerve.

What are the symptoms of L5-S1 bulging discs?

L5-S1 bulging discs are most common as they take the stress and weight of the body. The symptoms experienced in the lower back can be terribly painful. Pain from L5-S1 might occur suddenly or develop gradually over time. Common symptoms of L5-S1 disc bulge can be as follows:

Where is the L5-S1 disc located in the back?

The low back has many different levels each with a number. L5-S1 is the bottom-most disc that sits right on top of the tailbone. The discs are shock absorbers between the back bones (vertebrae). In addition, the spinal nerves exit near the discs and in the case of L5-S1, the L5 nerve exits to the side while the S1 nerve exits below.

How is L5-S1 disc bulge treated over the counter?

Over-the-counter medicines to relieve pain, reduce inflammation or relax muscles. Ex – nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid injections. L5-S1 disc bulge treatment mainly consists of spine rehabilitation by isolating the inefficient muscles of the spine. With the help of DSA, weaker muscles are identified, isolated, and treated.

What does L5-S1 stand for in medical terms?

L5-S1 refers to the disc situated between lumbar bone number 5 and the sacrum. L5-S1 Disc Bulge Symptoms Over time, the discs in the spine undergo wear and tear due to repetitive movements. This process is absolutely normal and is a part of aging and happens with everyone.

What kind of back pain does L4-L5 have?

She presents with isolated back pain over the L4-L5 and L5-S1 facet joints. Flexion is 60% of normal. Extension is limited to 20% of normal because of severe back pain.

What kind of MRI shows narrowing of the L4-L5 area?

The sagittal MRI (Fig. 1) demonstrates disc desiccation with narrowing at L4-L5 and L5-S1. There is a component of contained disc protrusion at both levels. A high intensity zone (HIZ) is seen at L4-L5. The lateral x-ray (Fig. 2) demonstrates moderate narrowing at L4-L5 and L5-S1 without evidence of instability.

Is there a high intensity zone at L4-L5?

The sagittal MRI (Fig. 1) demonstrates disc desiccation with narrowing at L4-L5 and L5-S1. There is a component of contained disc protrusion at both levels. A high intensity zone (HIZ) is seen at L4-L5. Figure 1. Sagittal MRI. Image courtesy of Paul J. Slosar, Jr., MD, and SpineUniverse.com.

How to treat bulging disk L5?

Treatment for a Bulging Disc L4/L5 – Cobra Pose. Only go as far as is comfortable – no need to get to full extension for a benefit! – Knee Rolls. This sciatica exercise is great for relieving any tension in tight muscles in the lower back. – McKenzie Side Bends. Start standing next to a wall. – Standing Extension. Start standing normally.

What are the symptoms of a L5 S1 disc bulge?

Symptoms of L5 S1 Disc Protrusion. One symptom of disc protrusion is tingling, numbness, or weakness from the lower back down the leg. The pressure on the lumbar spine nerves mentioned above causes pain that can be felt all the way down to the back of the leg.

How long does a bulging disc take to heal?

The primary question that comes to mind of an individual with a bulging disc mind is that how long will it take for the bulging disc to heal. For some individuals it may take up to a year or two to completely recover from disc bulge while it may take far less time for another individual to recover from the same injury.

How is a bulging disc repaired?

Surgical Repair. Open back surgery, the most aggressive treatment for a bulging disc, requires general anesthetic. The physician will access the spine through an incision near the area where the disc is bulging. A small portion of the backbone is removed so the physician can access the disc.

Is there a cure for herniated disc L4-L5?

Herniated Disc. Cure Herniated Disc Pain. A herniated disc L4-L5 is one of the most common lower back pain diagnoses in existence. L4/L5 is an area of universal degeneration and is the second most prevalent location for a herniation to occur in the human spinal column.

Can a herniated L4 / L5 cause spinal stenosis?

In a herniated L4/L5, the disc has bulged or ruptured and is most commonly blamed for enacting symptoms through the process of foraminal stenosis, which is also called a pinched nerve. However, it is also possible that a herniated disc at this level can be blamed for causing spinal stenosis pain by impinging on…

What does it mean when a disc bulges in your spine?

“Sometimes discs may bulge — move out of place — and put pressure on nerves that exit your spine. Symptoms are specific to the level of the bulge. An L4/5 bulging disc puts pressure on your L5 nerve — one of the most common levels where this condition occurs.

Should I have surgery for bulging disc?

For a lot of cases there is no need for surgery. Bulging discs can be treated more conservatively with rest, therapy and anti-inflammatory medication. However, if those methods have proven to be ineffective then the best solution is surgery. While a bulging disc is not a medical problem in of its own,…

Can you feel a bulging disc?

If you are experiencing symptoms of a bulging disc in the neck you will most likely feel pain, tingling, numbness, and weakness in the neck region. Sometimes these sensations may even occur in your shoulders, arms, hands, and fingers.