Popular guidelines

What nerve innervates the submandibular gland?

What nerve innervates the submandibular gland?

The submandibular glands receive their parasympathetic input via the chorda tympani nerve, which is a branch of the facial nerve via the submandibular ganglion.

When to consider the submandibular triangle masses?

The submandibular triangle masses are common presenting complaints in the adult outpatient settings of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery Clinics. Many different diseases should be considered when a patient presents with a swelling in the submandibular area.

What kind of neck mass does a 4 year old have?

Midline neck mass in a four-year-old boy consistent with a thyroglossal duct cyst.

When to excision a neck mass in a child?

Empiric antibiotic therapy with observation for four weeks is acceptable for children with presumed reactive lymphadenopathy. Excision of presumed congenital neck masses in children is recommended to confirm the diagnosis and to prevent future problems.

Can a malignant neck mass in a child be painful?

Most malignant neck masses in children are asymptomatic and are not painful. 4 However, acute infection in a necrotic, malignant lymph node can also occur. An upper respiratory tract infection preceding the onset of the mass suggests possible reactive lymphadenopathy or a secondary infection of a congenital cyst.

Can a tumor of the submandibular gland be removed?

Conclusion: Benign submandibular gland tumors manifest a mild course of disease, and local excision along with the gland is a safe and effective method of treatment. Malignant tumors have a poor symptomatology that results in late diagnosis. Radical surgery and postoperative radiotherapy is the treatment of choice.

Where are the submandibular glands located in the neck?

The tail of each parotid gland extends below the angle of the mandible, inferior to the ear-lobe. The submandibular glands are located within a triangle bounded by the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the posterior belly of the digastric muscle, and the body of the mandible. In older patients, these glands may become ptotic and appear more prominent.

What causes pain in submandibular gland after eating?

Others are affected by squamous and mucinous metaplasia. These changes are associated with varying degrees of acinar atrophy and fibrosis. A 55 year old man presents with a history of intermittent pain and swelling of the submandibular gland after eating.

Why are calculi found in the submandibular gland?

Stones (calculi) within salivary ducts are most common within the submandibular gland, probably due to production of saliva more saturated with calcium, more mucous content and the duct being long and tortuous. Calculi are composed of mixtures of different calcium phosphates (hydroxyapatite, carbonate apatite)