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When did Urology begin?

When did Urology begin?

In 1588 the Spanish surgeon Francisco Diaz wrote the first treatises on diseases of the bladder, kidneys, and urethra; he is generally regarded as the founder of modern urology. Most modern urologic procedures developed during the 19th century.

When do you need a percutaneous nephrostomy ( PCN )?

Percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) is a widely used interventional procedure for upper urinary diversion and decompression of the renal collecting system in varied clinical settings. Despite it being a basic urological procedure, it remains technically challenging to insert it in the right way and in the right place.

How is the USG of a kidney done?

USG of the diseased kidney should be done starting from medial aspect (Para spinal), advancing laterally until the posterior axillary line so as to see posterior calyces first followed by lateral calyces thereafter and thus to have an idea of degree of HN, type of pathology in the renal unit [Figure 3A and B].

Which is the best site for a nephrostomy?

Exact site of puncture depends primarily on the cause of hydronephrosis (HDN) and anatomic landmarks. For simple urinary drainage a lower pole posterior calyx is usually best which can be easily accessed via subcoastal approach. For accessing pelvicureteric junction (PUJ) or upper ureter,

Can a PCN be done under USG guidance?

PCN can be done under flouroscopy, ultrasound (USG) or computed tomography guidance. In this chapter we will describe the USG guided technique of PCN placement in a stepwise manner which is safe, effective and easily reproducible. INDICATION FOR PCN Obstructive uropathy

Which is the most common urology procedure for men?

10 Common Urology Procedures. 1 1. Vasectomy. This is a common urology procedure that many men get. According to the American Urological Association, 500,000 men get vasectomies each 2 2. Vasectomy Reversal. 3 3. Cystoscopy. 4 4. Prostate Procedures. 5 5. Ureteroscopy.

Do you have to be an urologist to get a vasectomy?

However, for patients with anxiety or a difficult scrotal examination, vasectomy can also be performed under sedation. The procedure should be conducted by a board-certified urologic surgeon, also known as a urologist.

What kind of Doctor is an urologist?

First, it’s helpful to understand who urologists are. They are physicians who specialize in the genitourinary tract—the kidneys, urinary bladder, adrenal glands, urethra and male reproductive organs—and male fertility. Urologists are also trained in the surgical and medical treatment of diseases that affect these organs.